InfiniTec - Henning Krauses Blog

Don't adjust your mind - it's reality that is malfunctioning

Getting the fullqualified DNS name of the current computer

Under certain circumstances a program needs to determine the name of the computer it’s running on. The first approach to get this name is to use the System.Environment.MachineName property. However, this name only reflects the NETBIOS name of the current machine. But in larger environments a full-qualified name including the DNS domain the computer belongs to. This can be something like computername.contoso.local. One example where this full qualified name might be needed are Exchange Push notification. I’ve published a component to CodePlex makes it really easy to incorporate them in an application. However, for the notifications to reach the client the component needs to tell the Exchange server a correct callback address. In a very simple network environment, it is sufficient to specify the NETBIOS hostname. But in more complex environments, Exchange might not be able to send a notification because it cannot correctly resolve the unqualified hostname to an IP address.

The full qualified domain name of the current host can be resolved with a call tot the System.Net.NetworkInformation.IPGlobalProperties.GetIPGlobalProperties method. This method returns, among other things, the required information:

   1: var ipGlobalProperties = IPGlobalProperties.GetIPGlobalProperties();
   2: string fullQualifiedDomainName;
   4: if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ipGlobalProperties.DomainName))
   5: {
   6:     fullQualifiedDomainName = string.Format("{0}.{1}", ipGlobalProperties.HostName, ipGlobalProperties.DomainName);
   7: }
   8: else
   9: {
  10:     fullQualifiedDomainName = ipGlobalProperties.HostName;
  11: }

I have updated the PushNotification component to reflect this new behavior.

Posted by Henning Krause on Saturday, June 6, 2009 6:23 PM, last modified on Saturday, June 6, 2009 11:39 PM
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